Basic Woodland Survival


The woodland areas of the world, also known as the temperate zones of the world, tend to be the easiest area to survive in. The temperatures of this area tends to be more agreeable to most cultures, and all resources needed for life tends to be present abundantly. Plenty of animals and plants for food. Water is also ever present. Fire tends to be easy to build as well. However the environment can be very unfriendly to the unknowing. The dangers of this zone are not very high, however are considerable. This tends to be the area where most people tend to end up in a survival situation.

Though the actual threats of the woodland area are minimal the greatest threats to personal security are mushrooms and large animals. More people die in woodland areas because animals and mushrooms than any other incidence. Animal attacks will always happen in the wild. Most attacks happen because animals are hungry or people act in a stupid way. Never try to feed animals and never allow yourself to be put in a situation where you seem like a threat to a large beast. Once an animal feels like you are a threat to their life they will gladly fight to the death. Try and stay away from animals you cannot kill or handle.

Mushrooms are always dangerous. The biggest issues are that though some mushrooms can be eaten, most cannot. In the wild knowing what mushrooms you can eat and which you cannot needs a keen eye. So in most situations stay away from mushrooms unless you have been properly trained.


Surviving the woodland area is actually easy. The basics of survival; (water, food, shelter, and fire) are extremely easy to get in woodland areas.

Water Water is easy to find in woodland areas because of its abundance. The typical geological structure of woodland area tends to keep water surface side instead of allowing it to sink into the ground. Because of this water is typically found in valleys of mountains and low lying areas. Luckily the water is this area tends to be a little cleaner than in most especially in fast flowing areas. Though I do not recommend drinking non purified water, drinking water straight from a source in woodland areas tends to be ok in small amounts. However your best bet is to always filter and boil water.


Food Food is in an abundance in woodland areas. From small little animals like squirrels and rabbits to pine nuts, and berries. No matter what season you are in there is plenty of food to be found. The most difficult season of course is winter. In the winter season few plants will be available for sustenance. However this is more of a favor than not because in the woodland area the winter season prevents you from finding poisonous plants. All Ever Green trees are edible in some fashion. By peeling the bark off and exposing the inner wood, you can cut off small pieces and fry them like potato chips for food. It may sound a little extreme but in fact can save your life.

In the spring finding food is going to be very easy because of the blooming of the plants and the awakening from hibernation of the animals. Most of the edible berries will not be edible until late summer, but the growth of the plants is going to make hungry animals a little more adventurous and thus make your chances of getting an animal to eat more likely.

The late summer and fall months are going to be a virtual grocery store for knowledgeable survivalist. From wondrous berries to wild onions, to acorns, to plenty of small and large game to hunt, there is no reason to be hungry in the woodland areas. This of course can be a very good time to gain a little extra weight for winter too.

The key to getting sustainable food in survival situations is fat, oils, and proteins. In woodland areas there is no shortage on any of these key elements. Fish offer the greatest advantage to energy spent for energy gained. There is a famous saying among survivalist (at least the ones that taught me) “Man cannot live off squirrel alone.” Basically small animals will not give you enough sustainable protein and fats to keep you alive, so often enough try and get some fish or a bit of large game in your system.

bear and fish

Shelter Building shelter in woodland areas is almost too easy. The most common tree in woodland areas is the ever green tree. Deciduous trees, typically Pine trees or Fur trees, give you a perfect substance for insulation. The season doesn’t matter, the type of shelter you will probably build will more than likely be a lean to shelter. For the most part, the main building materials you should focus around is of course the Deciduous trees. By using there greenery for insulation you will save yourself warmth at night and dry during the rain. The best thing about Deciduous trees is that typically one foot of greenery is water proof. By layering branches as your roof and placing a great deal of pine straw or ever green branches you should be able to create a decent shelter. Of course this should go without saying, but if you use dry ever green palms for your roof, you should be very careful with your placement of fire. For more information on building shelters in woodland areas, check out the Shelter Categories.


Fire Fire is always a good idea in survival situations. In woodland areas creating fire can be both easy and difficult. There are plenty of materials you can use to create fire. Whether you find a flint stone, use two pieces of wood, a lighter, or whatever method you choose, there are plenty of possibilities and resources to create fire. Due to the natural resources of the woodland terrain, there are plenty of fire resource material such as pine straw, cat tails, and of course plenty of wood. Fire is important for warmth and cooking purposes. Of course building fire can be difficult, for this purpose I always recommend if you are going to be out in a woodland area to try and practice making fire in a primitive way before venturing out or carry multiple lighters.

Animal Threats

Animal threats in the woodland areas are very minimal however should be noticed. The biggest threats are bears and boars. Bears are medium threats. They rarely pose an immediate threat but should always be dealt with caution. The two bears you will find in the United States are the Black Bear and the Grizzly Bear. The Black Bear is a very docile bear and tends to run from humans. The  Black Bear attacks I have read about 9 times out of 10 involve someone getting in between a cub and a mother. When this happens the mother will do whatever is necessary to protect her cub. If you run into a black bear whether it is a cub or an adult the best course of action is to back away carefully.


The Grizzly Bear is another situation entirely. The Grizzly is a very aggressive animal. It is very territorial and will kill you. The most important thing to remember is not entice a Grizzly at all cost. If you do come face to face with a Grizzly you are going to have to work fast because you won’t have much time. The best course of action is to back away slowly and do not run, mainly because if you run without a way of escape you will die. Grizzly Bears are big but tend not to be brave so look for any terrain that you can move in easily that a big bear cannot. When dealing with a Grizzly it is always best to make yourself bigger than life so the Grizzly thinks twice before actually deciding he can take you. Understand that once a Grizzly Bear finds you an easy kill it will probably take that chance, especially if it is hungry.


Boars tend to not be dangerous until you get in ones way. They are aggressive and present a pretty hefty threat. Getting away from them is slightly easier though, just climb a tree. If you can get about 5 feet off the ground, you will be fine.


Mountain Lions are another threat. Mountain Lions attack people because they are cats of prey. They just about always attack from behind and typically attack from up high. To protect yourself from Mountain Lions, typically learn to look behind you and always look for signs that a lion is in your area. Fire tends to be the best protection from them.


For more information about dealing with animal threats look for Survival Combat Skills in the categories tab.

The woodland area can test a persons resilience to adversity. From animal threats to wild weather, the woodland area can be very difficult, of course the woodland area can be your greatest chance of surviving. Resources are plenty, and under the right mind frame  a person is more likely to come out alive than in any other situation. Man has lived in the woodland area for about 50,000 years or so we can tell, so you should feel like your home, sort of. Knowledge is the best resource for survival. Learn as much as possible before venturing out that way when the time comes you will survive.

As Always Folks; Prepare and Survive. Todd Out.


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